A mother automatically has parental responsibility for her child from birth.
A father usually has parental responsibility if he is:
married to the child’s mother
listed on the birth certificate (after a certain date, depending on which part of the UK the child was born in)
Births registered in England and Wales
If the parents of a child are married when the child is born, or if they’ve jointly adopted a child, both have parental responsibility.
They both keep parental responsibility if they later divorce.
An unmarried father can only get legal responsibility for his child in 1 of 3 ways:
jointly registering the birth of the child with the mother (from 1 December 2003)
getting a parental responsibility agreement with the mother
getting a parental responsibility order from a court
Births registered in Scotland
A father has parental responsibility if he is married to the mother when the child is conceived, or marries her at any point afterwards.
An unmarried father has parental responsibility if he is named on the child’s birth certificate (from 4 May 2006).
Births registered in Northern Ireland
A father has parental responsibility if he is married to the mother at the time of the child’s birth.
If a father marries the mother after the child’s birth, he has parental responsibility if he lives in Northern Ireland at the time of the marriage.
An unmarried father has parental responsibility if he is named, or becomes named, on the child’s birth certificate (from 15 April 2002).
Births registered outside the UK
If a child is born overseas and comes to live in the UK, who has parental responsibility depends on the UK country they’re now living in.
Same-sex partners who were civil partners at the time of the treatment will both have parental responsibility.
For same-sex partners who aren’t civil partners, the second parent can get parental responsibility by either: